THE GROUNDED LOOP
The grounded Marconi differs from grounded teenage sons or daughters inasmuch as the aerial is useful. Teenage sons or daughters are far from useful and are very expensive to maintain. This aerial is cheap, efficient, reliable, dependable, and a joy to have around. Kids, who'd have them?
The earth is a continuous length of 15mm copper pipe buried beneath the ground running from one end to the other with various radials and rods and other junk metal bonded to it. The aerial works on all bands, but I use it primarily on top band. There have been a thousand questions hurled around about this aerial... What does the horizontal section do? What does the vertical bit at the house end do? Should the earth physically (electrically) complete the loop? We'll come to the thousand questions in a minute.
The red lines are the support poles. They're not actually red in colour, but they're support poles all the same. Paint them blue, if you have to. The height of the horizontal wire is about forty feet, plus or minus a bit. Again, controversy surrounds the length of the horizontal bit. Short? Long? What the hell? Does it really matter? Who cares anyway? More on that later. More or less, anyway.
HOW IT WORKS
The theory behind this aerial, as I understand it, is that the RF current is forced into the vertical section at the end of the garden. Why? Because the base of the vertical is grounded, it's at ground potential, and therefore this must be the high current and low voltage point. The voltage at the base of the vertical section, with respect to earth, must be zero. The idea is that this works as a vertical aerial on all bands. Bear in mind that the high current section of an aerial is the high radiating point.
I've given the aerial a good thrashing on top band with excellent results. I am now going to thrash the thing of the five meg frequencies. So far, on receive at least, it's every bit as good as my doublet.
The ATU is in the shack and the copper earth pipe is about 10 feet long running down from the window to the ground. The ground being that bit of mud at the base of the house.
This is the hugely complex ATU arrangement
Future plans (dreams) for the aerial...
The next step will be to add six or eight down wires to form the vertical element.